How to Use Self-Tapping Wood Screws
When executing Do-it-Yourself projects, quite a few folks get perplexed about what fasteners to use to perform their job. There are a lot of choices…so many dimensions to decide upon. What length should the screw be? How thick of a shank do I need? Philips drives? Torx drive? Hex Head? What type of point do you need? Zip? Tek Point? Type 17 point? There is a reason why each fastener has a certain specification or attribute and if you don’t know how your screw is going to perform you will end up blaming the screw if it doesn’t perform how you want it to when the real cause was how it was used.
All hardware stores which are truly really worth the name have an extensive assortment of wood screws and tools, bolts and nails for utilizing these items. Adding more difficulty, each type of tool and securer may possess a somewhat different method of correct usage.
Let us take a glimpse into how you will make use of wood fasteners as well as what you do not do with wood screws. At All Points Fasteners, we have a variety of self-tapping wood screws for do-it-yourself projects.
What is a wood Screw?
As the name suggests, wood screws are used when you are doing work with wood. Many of your wood screws will be produced from a metal that isn’t likely to react with the resins as well as treatment chemicals within the wood. Some metals will leave a rather unpleasant-looking stain if they come into contact with particular chemicals or resins. It used to be that you only had two choices of material for wood screws – plain carbon steel or carbon steel with zinc plating. Sometimes you could locate stainless wood screws. Now, however, you can find screws for wood, usually deck screws, with special plating to protect them from chemically treated wood. They are generally available in 500 and 1000 hour salt spray tested.
There are a few selections when it comes to wood screws or rather, screws you use in wood. There are wood screws that require pre-drilling since their point isn’t sharp or hard enough to self-start. They have coarse threads so that the wood will fill in between the threads and help to prevent them from pulling out of the softer wood or particleboard. Generally, they have a prominent smooth shank (sometimes called a shoulder) to help pull together the two pieces being fastened.
Another option is what is referred to as a Type 17 point, which has a very sharp point and the thread will go all the way to the tip of the point with finer threads, generally 18 threads per inch. These work wonderfully in the harder woods. As you put pressure on the screw and turn it using a drill it’ll cut into the wood and create its very own hole. These are typically rather tight-fitting and don’t often tear loose. They have a cut at the tip of the point so that the displaced wood has an avenue of escape and keeps the wood from splitting.
The vast majority of wood screws may also have an area of non-threaded metal just beneath the head. This is so that you are able to allow the top of the screw to slide through the top piece of wood so you are able to tightly fasten the two bits of wood together.
For DIY projects to go easily, make certain that you pick the proper screw with the right features for the wood you’re going to be using and for the correct application. You should also determine if you need to use of the self-tapping variety or if you will need to have to pre-drill. Just about all wood screws will work for just about all woods, however getting the best fastener for the job is definitely ideal.
What Does a Wood Screw Look Like?
A wood screw has shorter threading that is not throughout the whole body and fewer pitches, made for projects involving lumber, plywood and wood materials. Compared to other screws, they are easier to drive into wood, which is why you should always use a wood screw for wood projects.
You need to make certain the materials the wood screws are produced from will be the best sort of fasteners for your project. Some metals tend to be a lot more corrosion-proof, plus most can leave a terrible spot if you use them in wood because they react to the sap still left in the wood. Before purchasing self-drilling wood screws, do some study and ascertain exactly which type of screws you will be using.
Are Wood Screws Self Tapping?
Wood screws are self-tapping because they can tap their threads into the wood material. Before you can use a wood screw, you must drill a pilot hole, because self-tapping screws are not self-drilling. This pilot hole must be smaller than the screw, so the threads can go into the wood material and create a secure fastening.
How to Use Self-Tapping Wood Screws
The first thing you need to do when using wood fasteners is to get hold of individual tapping anchoring fasteners and regular wood screws. The self exploit fastener generally is a lot easier to install because it requires much less to do the job.
All you need to do is make use of either a Philips or flat head screwdriver. Set the point of the fastener on the spot you wish it to be and begin screwing. As you turn the screwdriver, the fastener should cut into the wood and make a hole for itself completely — no drills required.
Afterward, there is the standard self-tapping wood fastener. You will require a drill for doing so. You will have to mark out all of the places where you need to place fasteners and drill a hole in the wood, which is the correct size for the fasteners you will be using. Then, you need to go along and, while employing the proper kind of screwdriver, screw all the screws into place.
What Are the Risks of Self-Drilling Wood Screws?
The hazards of using self-tapping wood screws are:
- Not getting all of them in straight: An individual tapping screw might go in the wood skew because of the grain of your wood or from unequal pressure on the screwdriver as it’s flipped into the wood. If you help a drill afterward, you run a slightly decreased chance of going askew, as you are not going to place a lot of pressure on your drill to bite into the wood, and the drill isn’t possible to get pushed close because of the wood grain.
- Making the pilot hole too big: As a substitute, you risk utilizing a drill bit that’s a touch too large for the anchoring screws you will be utilizing in your do-it-yourself project. Using an oversized drill bit means that the fastener is not going to hold well, so the fastening won’t be secure.
Contact All Points Fasteners About Wood Screws Today
Picking the greatest kind of fastener for any job may not be as simple as it appears when the professionals get it done. There are truly lots of details to look at before you commit to a specific wood fastener or nail for your specific do-it-yourself project.
If you’re not sure which kind of self-drilling wood screw you need, ask the team at All Points Fasteners for help and get it right the first time. Between our quality products and helpful customer service, you will find what you need with ease. Get in touch with us by completing our contact form or by calling 800.483.6354.
It’s Not So Difficult Ordering Self-Tapping Screws!
So you picked a self-tapping screw off a job site and it was just what you have been looking for but it didn’t come in a box that was labeled – it was just sitting there on the floor. What do you do? How can you ask for something when you’re not really sure what to ask for? The nice thing is that it isn’t so difficult if you know what dimensions to measure when you are asking your fastener sales representative to help you.
First describe the head. Is it a…?
- Hex Washer Head
- Hex washer head with a neoprene washer attached
- Modified Truss Head
- Oval Head
- Pan Head
- Bugle Head
- Pancake Head
There are other style heads available but these are the most common head styles that you should know. Once you can identify the head style that you are looking for, it makes things much easier.
To identify the shank size of the screw, it’s much easier if your screw is a hex head. When considering the shank size, think dress size. The smaller the number, the thinner the shank. The bigger the number, the thicker the shank.
The standard for the industry is:
• 1/4″ Hex Head = #6 or #7 or #8 shank size
• 5/16″ Hex Head = #10 or #12 shank size
• 3/8″ Hex Head = #14 shank size
Of course there always have to be exceptions just to keep things interesting.
In our case, we have needlepoint screws (aka zip screws) developed especially for the gutter industry with have high profile 1/4″ hex head but #10 washers and #10 body shanks. In the 70’s and 80’s, standard #8 screws worked fine for the gutter industry but when the quality of the wood used for homes changed, it was necessary to increase the thickness of the shanks so that the screws wouldn’t snap when hitting knots in the wood. We also added a filet underneath the head to give the screw a little extra strength.
Next, there is TPI or threads per inch to consider. As a rule of thumb, the less threads per inch, the screw is intended to be used in wood. The more TPI, the screw is meant for metal or metal studs. These are sometimes called out as ‘coarse threaded’ or ‘fine threaded’ screws. If you try and use a coarse threaded screw in metal studs or hard woods, the quality of the screw can’t really be blamed when it snaps although that happens all the time. It is simply misapplication and the more you know what screws were made for what applications, the less problems you will have when using your screws.
Now we get to the points of the screws.
Does the point look like a pencil point?
Does the point look like a drill bit tip?
There are other type points like Type 17’s used with woods and others but the two listed above are the most common.
And lastly, you should remember to state the plating that you need. Zinc plating is most common with under normal situations will last you about two years on average. Hot dipped galvanized is generally five years. But these are old school type plating. We have started stocking Dacronized®, ceramic type plating, which we normally have stocked in 500, 1000 and 1200 hour salt spray tested. They give you extra protection and even are available with the heads painted as well to match exterior applications.
When you are looking at a label on a box, the screws will generally be labeled something like “8-18×1 HWH SDS Z/P”. This would translate to #8
shank, 18 TPI by 1 inch long, hex washer head, self drilling screw (tek type point) zinc plated.
This is not everything that there is to know about self-tapping screws, zip screws and tek screws included, but it will give you a good baseline to start!
Not Just Zip Screws and Tek Screws!
Having been in the fastener industry for contractors since 1986 selling zip screws and tek screws you would think there would be nothing new to learn. Wrong! Although we specialize in screws mainly used by the Heating and Air Conditioning and Gutter industries , more and more I am hearing from OEM’S or engineers who are desperately looking for screws that don’t exist. They needs head diameter’s that are smaller so that they will fit in between narrow grooves, points that will penetrate hard plastic, then go through 30 gauge steel and then tap into stucco then into wood. And they are being used outdoors in the snow but should be rust proof but not as expensive as stainless steel. And all in the same screw! It’s a wonder I have a hair left on my head!
In years past, designer screws were a source of frustration for me because one of my contractors would pick up a screw that he really liked on a job site and then want me to locate a source for them. After many hours, maybe days, of diligent searching, I would finally find out that someone like a major hotel chain had the screws made especially for them to install the cabinets in their hotels and getting the same screws with the same dimensions was never going to happen.
Well the good news is that some manufacturers have changed their willingness to do smaller orders so that the chance of having these ‘designer screws’ manufactured is much higher now than it was in the past. Within recent months, we have been successful in procuring parts that in the past would have been impossible to supply. Of course, there are still minimums to be met but instead of having to order containers of screws in order to get the manufacturers interested, we can get away with a pallet or two. Good news for some but still not low enough for others.
Still, there are many more options available to choose from than there were 20 years ago, starting with coatings to keep screws from rusting as quickly. Take a look at our ceramic coated zip screws, available which with painted heads as well. These parts work great in areas where weather conditions are moist. We will soon be supplying needlepoint screws which are stainless steel as well as ceramic coated which will bring increased rust resistance.
K-Lathe aka Modified Truss aka Round Washer Head
The Round Washer Head design, which can also be known as wafer head screws, K-Lathe screws and modified truss screws, could quite possibly be the most multipurpose head design offered. It combines the benefits of the Pan Head design but has an attached washer built on to the head to increase head diameter. This helps prevent over-driving in softwoods.
General cabinet assembly, installation, hinges, metal drawer slides, wooden drawer guides, attaching lights and brackets are just a few applications where the Round Washer Head design is used. The addition of the washer provides maximum bearing surface to allow for “over-driving” the screw to tighten those stubborn joints easily These Screws are also self tapping screws in that they tap their own mating threads and do not need female threaded inserts like machine screws.
It was originally designed for the construction industry to attach wood lathe and metal framing to 20 to 25 gauge steel studs. They also can be known as plymetal because they can be used to attach plywood to metal. The large wafer head sinks into the plywood and has a large bearing surface The length is measured from the top of the head.
They are available in Philips drive as well as square drive, which is occasionally referred to as Robertson drive. They are readily available in stainless and well as carbon steel and with plain or painted heads.
Also known as:
- Round Washer Head Needlepoint
- Wafer Head
- K-Lathe Screws
Sharp point – zip screws, or self-drilling – tek type screws, these screws are also self-tapping screws as they tap their own threads into the materials they are used with and do not need to be used with a pre-threaded mate such as a nut or insert.